041: What is the Value of Volunteer Time?

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  90-Days to your Nonprofit's GROWTH!

How to get out of the nonprofit burnout cycle and be prepared for nonprofit GROWTH in 2019

A Ten-Week System Starting September 24th, 2018



Hey Changemakers,
 

Full disclaimer! I made a mistake on the original Top 10 Tips to Position Your Nonprofit for Funding! Eeek! So, with full transparency I want to make sure you know if you downloaded the Toolkit before September 3rd, 2018!
 

Special shout-out for the awesome lady who asked me more information about it and brought it to my attention. THANK YOU! I am SO glad you did so I can make sure that everyone has the right information!
 

Another full disclaimer is that I am not an accountant or a lawyer. Do seek one out for ultimate professional advice on tax-related items.
 

What I do have is experience working internally at nonprofits and externally as a consultant. I have more than a decade of grant writing experience, and years of grant management experience. But, alas, yes, I did make a mistake!
 

There was one sentence in the Funding Toolkit that was wrong referring to volunteers. It is now completely up-to-date, so you can re-download the toolkit by clicking here.
 

So, what did I screw up? What I had in the file is WRONG concerning volunteers being able to get tax-deductions based on their hours contributed to nonprofits.
 

Volunteers CANNOT be given a tax-deduction based on their hours, but they CAN be given a tax-deduction on a number of other items, such as travel expenses, uniforms, donates supplies etc. as long as the nonprofit is a registered IRS Tax-exempt 501(c)3. Well, and a few additional things that we will outline in this episode.
 

HOWEVER, all the rest of the document was correct and now the entire document is fully correct. Your nonprofit should keep a log of hours as you CAN use this as a value for matching grants (when they allow you to use an in-kind soft match) and it can go into the overall operating budget of your organization. The feds will not give these individuals a tax-break for their time per se, but they will allow the value of volunteer hours to be considered as a nonfederal in-kind match (which the hours must be documented and show a value).
 

Your nonprofit should also insert these volunteer hours into your budget to show the REAL cost (although still keep it separated in its own category as you are not paying fringe benefits or have real expenses balanced) of what it takes to run the entire program.
 

Furthermore, it still stands that tracking volunteer hours and contributions is great to publish on your website. This really accounts for the community involvement with your nonprofit. Also, you can also still give letters to volunteers to showcase their contribution to your nonprofit as it builds morale.

 

Tax-Deductions


So, tracking time, even though the individual cannot use it for their tax deductions, should be done! If your nonprofit gets a grant for $100,000 and a 20% in-kind match is required (roughly $20,000 value), then the time that volunteers contribute to your nonprofit for that grant can be used as a value. It is that awesome and important! Of course, you need to make sure you use logs or a system to track this time so that you can include it as value. For example, if a volunteer’ s time is valued at $20 per hour and they contribute 100 hours to working at your nonprofit, then that is $2,000 that can go towards that $20,000! If you have 10 volunteers at the same value and time commitment, then there is your in-kind match! How cool is that?


One way to look at the monetary value for volunteer time for matching purposes in grant writing it to take a look at the Independent Sectors yearly value breakdown. You can look at the national average or look into the value state-by-state. However, this is a general amount. If you have specialized pro bono assistance, from let’s say a lawyer, you will need to base the value of their time on what their fees for services and use that amount.


I have included some sample templates to track time in the Funding Toolkit, so if you have not downloaded it yet, go ahead and do it now!


Before you submit a grant, you should have a letter signed by the volunteer that clearly articulates the number of hours and the value of those hours that are committed to the grant project. This is great for two main reasons:

1) Many individuals are asked to volunteer for projects and give a verbal, “Okay, sure,” as there is not a 100% chance that the grant will be funded. However, once the grant is funded they may forget that they verbally committed or that they committed a substantial amount of time. This happens. A signed guarantee on the other hand is really a sign of commitment that is solid and both parties understand the clear expectations.

2) Another reason is that reviewers like to see signed proof in a grant application. If they don’t see a signed letter, then they may not take your in-kind seriously, or think that you can realistically achieve the volunteer contribution time.


Going back to tax-deductions. Once again I am not a lawyer!
 

What CAN Volunteers Deduct?
 

TRAVEL: Travel expenses for away-from-home when performing services for a tax-exempt nonprofit. These include out-of-pocket round-trip travel costs, taxi fares and other transportation costs, plus meals and lodging.

There are a couple of red flags here. If a primary portion of your trip was for pleasure and only a tiny fraction was for the charity, then it becomes pretty sticky. For instance, if you are taking a month holiday and spend one day at a conference, then you can’t write off all your expenses! You could write-off the cost of the conference, but not your travel expenses. The other red flag is if the conference isn’t a conference after all, but you are lobbying. Unfortunately, lobbying for your nonprofit is not acceptable for tax-deductions, either!


Gas & Mileage: Staying on the same wave as traveling, a volunteer can also deduct the cost of gas and oil when using their car for nonprofit-related activities. Volunteers use a standard tax-deduction for 14 cents per mile driven in service of charitable organizations. Now if you submit receipts for out-of-pocket travel costs and get reimbursed from the nonprofit, then you cannot claim this for your tax deductions! You already got your money back! That would be double dipping.


Meals: The cost of wining and dining possible high-end donors is accepted! But, once again there is a red flag. Your own meal is not tax-deductible. Boo. This is the same in many ways for when you have your own business – pay attention freelance grant writers – that you cannot get tax-deductions for your meals. I know, it’s not fair at all. You are probably using the good ole argument that you wouldn’t go out to that fancy restaurant, or maybe even just to a local diner, if it wasn’t for the donor or possible client. But that’s the rule. You can write off the other person’s meal, but not your own.


Uniforms: You can write off uniforms or clothing needed to be worn for doing work with that nonprofit. This must be certain types of uniforms that cannot be word for everyday use.


Donated Supplies or Goods: Have you ever donated a couch to a nonprofit’s thrift store? Then make sure you know the value of the good or supply and get a receipt! Or maybe you are teaching an art class at a nonprofit that serves youth and are bringing in supplies for the youth art class. This could be a tax-deductible purchase, be sure to keep your receipts!


Other out-of-pocket expenses. Volunteers may deduct other expenses they incur during their volunteer work. For example, board members might deduct unreimbursed phone, postage, and copying charges associated with preparing for meetings.
 

Eligibilities


 

In order for volunteers to really take advantage of tax-exemptions, the following apply:

  • The nonprofit organization must be a qualified, IRS-recognized charity.
  • Volunteers must itemize their deductions on their tax return (not a 1040EZ form) to get tax-deductions.
  • Volunteers must keep documentation of the expenses, such as receipts, logging mileage, etc. This is especially pertinent for expenses that are $250 or more, then you need official documentation.
  • Volunteers cannot claim expenses that the nonprofit already reimbursed them for – this is essentially referred to as double-dipping.
  • The expenses must be directly related volunteer work for the nonprofit.
  • The expenses do not extend to anyone else, such as for family members that accompany them on trips.
  • When in doubt, visit the IRS.


How to track all this volunteering stuff!

Well, there are some great templates in the Funding Toolkit. Also, I found a really cool app on Turbo Tax that can be used to track allowable volunteer items. So cool!


There you go. Once again, I am NOT a lawyer or CPA, so please consult them when it comes to tax-deductions. Sorry again for the mishap, but I am so glad that it was caught and now I was able to give you even more ideas on what is and what is not considered a tax-deduction for volunteers.


Download the Funding Toolkit so you can access how to track volunteer hours for your nonprofit’s grant matching requirements!


Thanks, and I will see you next week!

 

Warmly,


Holly


  90-Days to your Nonprofit's GROWTH!

How to get out of the nonprofit burnout cycle and be prepared for nonprofit GROWTH in 2019

A Ten-Week System Starting September 24th, 2018



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